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when did ashurbanipal rule

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December 8, 2014

when did ashurbanipal rule

When Ashurbanipal responded by marching his army to the region, Shamash-shum-ukin retreated behind the walls of Babylon where he was besieged by the Assyrian forces for the next four years. Although Psamtik was able to successfully repel the Nubian army, Necho was killed in the battle. He turned against the kings and regents whom my own father had appointed in Egypt. In 669 BCE Esarhaddon mobilized his troops and marched back to put down the revolt but died before he reached the Egyptian border. In 665 BC, Ashurbanipal fought against the Elamite King Urtak who attacked Babylonia. Although news of this revolt was brought to Ashurbanipal’s attention, there is no record that he returned to Egypt to do anything about it. However, he reappeared from his hiding in 669 BC. Swift Assyrian military action forced Taharqa’s withdrawal, and Ashurbanipal appointed local princes supported by Assyrian garrisons. Despite his strong army, Shamash-shum-ukin was defeated in 648 BC, and Babylon was eventually captured by Ashurbanipal. He did not want to see this same thing happen with his own heir. Urtak was succeeded as Elamite king by Teumman, who was unrelated to the previous monarch and had to stabilize his rule by killing his political rivals. Bury, S. A. Cook, and F. W. Adcock, eds., The Cambridge Ancient History, vol. The Assyrian Empire was already crumbling toward the end of his reign and, with his death, fell apart completely. "Ashurbanipal." He may have interpreted his brother’s policy of appeasement as weakness and as an opportunity for him to increase his own status. Famous Faces of War. Cite This Work Outwardly, with his lips, he was speaking fair words while inwardly his heart was designing murder. His reports to his father showed such qualities of statesmanship that he was left in charge of all affairs while his father was en route to Egypt. Ashurbanipal was probably King Esarhaddon's fourth eldest son, younger than the crown prince Sin-nadin-apli and the other two sons Shamash-shum-ukin and Shamash-metu-uballit. One popular story of his end was that Sardanapalus had burnt himself, his concubines and servants alive, along with his entire palace at the Fall of Nineveh in 612 BC (almost twenty years after the actual Ashurbanipal died). As for those men and their vulgar mouths, who uttered vulgarity against Assur, my god, and plotted evil against me, the prince who fears him, – I slit their tongues and brought them low. 1-4 Exam. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Their dismembered bodies I fed to the dogs, swine, wolves and eagles, to the birds of heaven and the fish of the deep. Ashurbanipal received a deputation of Babylonians about this time, and he punished the Gambulu tribe for complicity in the Elamite affair. Ashurbanipal installed a puppet king, Kandalanu, in Babylon and subdued the Arabs. A successful siege of Tyre led to the resubmission of the rulers of Syria and Cilicia and to a request for Assyrian help from Gyges of Lydia against Cimmerian intruders. [79], Ashurbanipal has sometimes been characterized as a zealot. 630 B.C.) Ashurbanipal's forces pursued Humban-haltash, plundering and razing cities on their way. According to the account, the Assyrian army marched from Syria to Damascus and then on to Hulhuliti, after which they captured Abiyate and defeated Uššo and Akko. [89], SixteenthDynasty The crown prince mastered scribal and religious knowledge and became proficient in reading both his native Akkadian language and Sumerian. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [28] To quell the threat, Ashurbanipal invaded Egypt in c. 667 BC, marching the Assyrian army as far south as Thebes, one of Egypt's ancient capitals, and sacking numerous revolting cities. Following the death of the crown prince in 674 BC, his father appointed Ashurbanipal as the crown prince of Assyria in 672 BC, and his brother Shamash-shum-ukin as the heir to Babylonia. He marched toward Thebes and sacked many revolting cities. Inscriptions from Babylon indicate that Ashurbanipal had been dictating his brother’s decrees and managing his affairs. As for the people who hatched these plans for Shamash-shum-ukin, my hostile brother, and did the evil, but who were afraid of death and valued their lives highly, they did not cast themselves into the fire with Shamash-shum-ukin, their lord. AbydosDynasty "Ashurbanipal." Ashurbanipal's brutal campaign against Elam in 647 BC is recorded in this relief. Start studying The West Ch. Bauer writes: Ashurbanipal did not rebuild after the wrecking of the country. Ashurbanipal, it seems, knew nothing of his brother’s schemes and was only aware that the armies of Elam were mobilizing for an assault on Babylon and, taking the offensive, he marched his army to Elam and attacked. In 1988, sculptor Fred Parhad unveiled Ashurbanipal’s statue near the San Francisco City Hall. (251). NOW 50% OFF! [4] This attack is poorly documented and it is possible that Phraortes wasn't present at all and his unfortunate death instead belongs to a Median campaign during the reign of one of Ashurbanipal's successors. Ashurbanipal's earliest account of his campaign against the Arabs was created in 649 BC and describes how the king Yauta, son of Hazael, king of the Qedarites (who had been a tributary of Ashurbanipal's father) revolted against Ashurbanipal, together with another Arabic king called Ammuladdin, and plundered the western lands of the Assyrian Empire. Ashurbanipal also worked as a spymaster, compiling reports for his father based on information gathered from agents throughout the Assyrian Empire.

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